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Evaluation Environmental and Social Impacts of Pedestrianization in Urban Historical Areas: Istanbul Historical Peninsula Case Study

Hacer Handan Demir 1, Isa Cakiroglu 2, Ummugulsum Alyuz 3, and Goksel Demir 3
1. Business Administration, Bahcesehir University Vocational School, Istanbul, Turkey
2. Tranportation Deparmant, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Istanbul, Turkey
3. Bahcesehir University Environmental Engineering Department, Besiktas Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract—In this study, the evaluation of the pedestrianization is analyzed in the aspects of social and environmental issues. By researching the progress of pedestrianization in Historical Peninsula of Istanbul from past to present, the pedestrianization has been explained with the basic terms and best practices about from all over world and Turkey. The pedestrianization was evaluated from two contexts which are social and environmental. From social context, access to the pedestrianized area, structural deficiencies in the area and pleasure of the citizens and tradesmen about pedestrianization had been used as the main criteria in the evaluation of process by making surveys to both visitors and tradesman. From environmental context, air quality, noise disturbance issues were considered in terms of emission reduction that is proportional to traffic reduction in the area by using indicators and the potential of the area to be a Zero/Low Emission Zone.

Index Terms—pedestrianization, historical area, questionnaire

Cite: Hacer Handan Demir, Isa Cakiroglu, Ummugulsum Alyuz, and Goksel Demir, "Evaluation Environmental and Social Impacts of Pedestrianization in Urban Historical Areas: Istanbul Historical Peninsula Case Study," Journal of Traffic and Logistics Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 83-87, June 2016. doi: 10.18178/jtle.4.1.83-87

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