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Application of GIS in Determining Road Emergency Medical Service (EMS) Locations

Alireza Toran Pour and Sara Moridpour
School of Civil, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, RMIT University, Australia.

Abstract—Time is the most important factor in accidents emergency services. In general, a golden time period is defined for response to an accident and if first aid and medical assistance is accessed within this time period, victims have a greater chance of survival. The aim of this paper is to show how GIS is used to identify the best emergence system location along the road network according to accident black spots and response time. Khuzestan road network is chosen as a case study in this research and the results of Ramhormoz-Behbahan route in this province are selected to show in this paper. For this reason, the road accidents data during 2006 to 2009 in this province is analyzed. The results of this research show that the current EMS locations do not cover accident black spots even by 20 minutes response time. Therefore, new EMS locations are recommended according to accident black spots. These new EMS will decrease response time by 15 minutes and the survival chance victims will increase.

Index Terms—accidents, emergency services, khuzestan, GIS, EPDO

Cite: Alireza Toran Pour and Sara Moridpour, "Application of GIS in Determining Road Emergency Medical Service (EMS) Locations," Journal of Traffic and Logistics Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 102-107, December 2015. doi: 10.12720/jtle.3.2.102-107

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