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Geographical Information System (GIS)-Based Analysis of Road Traffic Accident Blackspots in Federal Capital Territory (F.C.T)

Samaila Saleh
Department Of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic, Katsina, Nigeria
Abstract—The accident rates per vehicle in Nigeria are alarmingly high. The traffic condition in the city of Abuja is no different. The aim of this work is to develop road traffic accident information system, by centralizing the road traffic accident data and other related data on a GIS platform. This will be very useful for agencies (such as the Federal Road Safety Commission, the Nigeria Police and the Road Traffic Services) and other stakeholders (like Federal and State Governments including the Federal Capital Territory Administration etc) that are interested in developing means and works for eliminating or minimizing accidents on the roadways. The data used in this study were obtained from Federal Road Safety Commission, Nigeria Police and Road Traffic Services. In addition, primary data were obtained at location blackspots using GPS (Global Positioning System) device. The data obtained was entered and use to develop accident information system. Analysis and capability of the developed system was illustrated with numerical examples. Data retrieval and spatial analysis from attributes where shown. A total of 247 accidents occurred in the year 2010 of which 52 were fatal, 59 were serious and 98 were minor; claiming about 38 lives. Hence there is an urgent need to analyze the causes of accidents so as to minimize them.ArcGIS 9.3 Software was used for this work.

Index Terms—geographical information system (Gis), road traffic accident blackspots and federal capital territory

Cite: Samaila Saleh, "Geographical Information System (GIS)-Based Analysis of Road Traffic Accident Blackspots in Federal Capital Territory (F.C.T)," Journal of Traffic and Logistics Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 108-112, June 2014. doi: 10.12720/jtle.2.2.108-112
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